Coercions

Superstruct allows structs to be augmented with coercion logic, letting you to transform input data before validating it. This is most commonly used to apply default values to an input, but it can be used for more complex cases like pre-trimming strings, or pre-parsing inputs.

defaulted

defaulted(string(), 'Untitled')
​
object({
id: defaulted(number(), () => i++),
name: string(),
role: defaulted(enums(['admin', 'member', 'guest']), 'guest'),
})

defaulted augments a struct to add coercion logic for default values, which are applied when the input is undefined.

🤖 If you add defaulted to an object struct with a dictionary of values, those values will be mixed in one-by-one, so the input doesn't need to be undefined, but certain properties can be undefined.

trimmed

trimmed(string())

trimmed arguments a struct to ensure that any string input values are trimmed.

Custom Coercions

You can also define your own custom coercions that are specific to your application's requirements, like so:

import { coerce, number, string, create } from 'superstruct'
​
const MyNumber = coerce(number(), string(), (value) => parseFloat(value))
​
const a = create(42, MyNumber) // 42
const b = create('42', MyNumber) // 42
const c = create(false, MyNumber) // error thrown!

The second argument to coerce is a struct narrowing the types of input values you want to try coercion. In the example above, the coercion functionn will only ever be called when the input is a string—booleans would ignore coercion and fail normally.

🤖 If you want to run coercion for any type of input, use the unknown() struct to run it in all cases.